The Holocaust and lessons for the future

International law comes in many forms, often the product of international agreements and treaties between states or a natural evolution of customary practices. The greatest flaw of international law is that it does not have a distinct, single enforcement mechanism. There is no single governing entity to enforce these laws. Moreover, since there are many nations involved in these international groups, many of these laws are disputed as on rarely do many nations with differing interests come upon a consensus for a whole body of laws.

One way of making these laws more powerful is for the participating nations to integrate these international statutes into their domestic laws, providing a clear means of enforcement. Furthermore, this act will erase any cases in which domestic law contradicts international law. Multilateral action is key to successful administration of international law. The trend should be propagated of international law prosecuting individuals rather than states through the International Criminal Court. Since many of the Holocaust crimes were prosecuted and settled as civil action, this litigation set the precedent for international criminal law by establishing the relationship between the governmental and social organizations in committing mass crimes. The European Court of Justice follows a fairly good system in that it is independent in its decision-making from the European Union. The court only releases one judgement and does not disclose individual positions, further confirming its solidarity.

Moreover, the European Court of Human Rights has been the most active international human rights court and has been more involved in settling individual transgressions that solve international arguments. This focus on individuals forces individual responsibility and assures protection of personal rights. Another key provision for any international charter is statutes for conflict prevention, such as those incorporated in the U.N. Charter.


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